What is Zoladex® (goserelin)?
Zoladex is a type of hormone therapy called a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist. Goserelin is used to treat advanced breast cancer in both pre- and and perimenopausal women, typically if the breast cancer is hormone receptor-positive. It is also used to treat certain forms of prostate cancer and endometriosis. Goserelin is an implant that is injected under the skin and slowly dissolves, releasing its medicine between doses.1
Goserelin is manufactured by TerSera Therapeutics.
What is the ingredient in Zoladex?
The active ingredient in Zoladex is goserelin, a gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist.1
How does goserelin work?
Many breast cancers are classified as hormone receptor positive (HR+), meaning they have receptors on the surface of their cells where hormones like estrogen can attach. When the hormones connect with these receptors, they can fuel the growth of the cancer cells and lead to them growing and spreading.
Goserelin blocks the release of gonadotropin, a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland that stimulates the ovaries to produce estrogen. By interrupting this hormone process, the patient’s body produces less estrogen. The lack of estrogen interferes with the cancer cell’s growth.1,2
What are some of the possible side effects with goserelin?
The most common side effects experienced by women with breast cancer who received goserelin included1,3:
- Hot flashes
- Mood swings
- Decreased sex drive (libido)
- Vaginal inflammation and/or dryness
- Decrease in breast size
- Seborrhea (skin disorder which can result in inflammation and scaly skin)
- Swelling in the feet and ankles (peripheral edema)
Goserelin should cause menstruation to stop in women. If periods continue, patients should report this to their doctor.3
Goserelin may cause injury to the injection site. Any of the following symptoms should be immediately reported to a doctor: abdominal pain, bloating of the abdomen, shortness of breath, dizziness, lightheadedness, and/or signs of confusion.3
These are not all the possible side effects of goserelin. Patients should talk to their doctor about what to expect with treatment with goserelin.
Things to know about goserelin
Goserelin should not be used in women who have an allergy to the medication.3
Goserelin should not be used in women who are pregnant, are planning to become pregnant or are breastfeeding. Goserelin may cause harm to an unborn child. Women who can become pregnant should use effective contraception during goserelin treatment and for at least 12 weeks after treatment is completed. Patients should discuss effective contraception methods with their doctor.1,3
Before starting treatment with goserelin, patients should talk to their doctor about all their health conditions, as well as any medications (prescription and over-the-counter), vitamins, and herbal supplements they are taking. Some medications or supplements may interfere with each other and may cause side effects.
Your doctor will determine the appropriate goserelin dosing regimen and administration schedule for you.1,4
For more information, read the full prescribing information for goserelin.
Patients should talk to their doctor if they have any questions, or if they have questions regarding their goserelin regimen.